17th October 2019

Knowledge Type

Data & Statistics Equality & Diversity in Major Projects Research paper


, Government Equalities Office


Clare Lyonnette, Univeristy of WarwickBeate Baldauf, University of Warwick

Of Interest To

Academia Consultants Contractors Leadership teams Operators Private sector clients Public sector clients

Family friendly working policies and practices: Motivations, influences and impacts for employers


The aim of this review of the literature is to better understand what leads employers to offer and promote family-friendly workplace policies (FFWPs), and which interventions are likely to be successful in encouraging this, in order to build the evidence base on key themes around what works to close the gender pay gap (GPG). The review responds to the following research questions:

• What factors influence employers to offer employee benefits, in particular family-friendly policies?

• What evidence exists that family-friendly policies benefit or disadvantageemployers (actual or perceived)?

• What policy interventions have been demonstrated to be successful (or could potentially be successful) in encouraging employers to offer family-friendly policies?

The review followed a 5-step process: setting search parameters, searching, screening, data extraction and synthesis. Literature from 2008 onwards (including grey literature) was included from the UK, mainland EU, the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.